ّCurrency: This publication is a compilation of the text of Public Law It was last amended by the public law listed in the As Amended. One of the most interesting was the price regulation and product allocation system set in place by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of (EPCA) which. The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA) of established an energy conservation program for pumps and other equipment. EPCA authorizes DOE to .

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As such, the Act creates the conditions for the existence of interest groups, which then undermine the aims of US energy security. The primary goals of EPCA are to increase energy production and supply, reduce energy demand, provide energy efficiency, and give the executive branch additional powers to respond to disruptions in energy supply. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Is it time for that to change? The Federal Energy Administration ‘s authority to require power plants to burn coal instead of natural gas or petroleum based fuels was extended through Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Search for items with the epda title.

Energy Policy and Conservation Act

However, the same inefficiencies that helped bring about energy security in the s function to benefit 195 groups in the present with booming oil and gas production held captive due to EPCA export restrictions.

The US has attained energy security as a synthesis of market and legislative forces. The EPCA, formulated to treat the energy market of the s, restricts market efficiency in exchange for security by making energy more autarkic; it is these market inefficiencies that enable and give rise to rent-seeking.

One of the most interesting was the price regulation and product allocation system set in place by the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of EPCA which lasted from until It is this rigidity that undermines security by discouraging new production and adoption of new technologies, both of which depend on eepca prices.

This journal article can be ordered from http: Thus, the Wpca presents a case of risk of unintended distributional conflict that undermines the original objectives of the legislation.


The EPCA gives rise to this particular situation as an unintended consequence, which encourages distributional conflict that works against energy security. Construction of the first surface facilities began in June Oil producing companies and oil producing states, epcq as Texas, [8] Alaska and North Dakota lobbied to lift the ban. In Junethe Obama administration had permitted the export of sweet, light oil for the import of heavy, sour oil from Mexico. As US refineries control nearly the entire demand for this oil, in addition to maintaining access to foreign supply, they receive inordinate market power.

Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975

Epcz Policy and Conservation Act of The EPCA offers a study of the need for periodic review and revision of long-standing laws and definite objectives for legislations to better determine when interest groups are violating the intent of the law. An Act to increase domestic energy supplies and availability; to restrain energy demand; to prepare for energy emergencies; and for other purposes. Introduced in the Senate as S.

Natural gas is not a globalized commodity; it is confined to regional markets due to transportation costs.

Finally, the oil product stock outflows in two directions; it can flow to domestic or foreign consumers due to the lack elca export restrictions on oil products. President Dwight Eisenhower suggested an oil reserve after the Suez Crisis.

Energy Policy and Conservation Act – Wikipedia

Automobile and Light Truck Fuel Economy: Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. This has led to a distributional conflict as the beneficiaries lobby to preserve their economic security, inadvertently undermining the very aims of the EPCA by attempting to keep energy prices low 19775 decreasing US resilience to future energy shocks. The overarching US goal was to ensure that it would not be held hostage to foreign producers, sacrifice growth or suffer a debilitating transfer of wealth from the US to oil producers.

Fill was suspended in FY to devote budget resources to refurbishing the SPR equipment and extending the life of the complex. The average fuel economy for model years, and were set at 18, 19, and 20 miles per rpca, respectively, and by the average economy was required to be By using 195 site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The EPCA artificially limits crude exports and thus gives rise to an anomalous situation in which high quality e;ca cannot command their due premium.


This is the result of inelastic supply as independent producers of shale oil continue producing so long as prices are above average variable costs. Unintended Consequences The EPCA was enacted during a time of unprecedented national duress; its main objective was the implementation of immediate measures to improve resilience and address slow-moving variables such as general oil demand, efficiency, and conservation.

While the provisions of the Act did work to improve security in the s, the changing market realities have enabled rent-seeking. Notify me of new comments via email.

This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Ickes advocated the stockpiling of emergency crude oil in This is most evidenced in the strict price controls imposed on oil and gasoline in the s and the supplemental Crude Oil Windfall Profit Tax Act passed in after prices were deregulated to prevent extraordinary oil profits due to legislative action.

Nearly 40 years later, the US has met many of the conditions for energy security, and, as an unintended consequence, the provisions of the Act have come to serve the interests of narrow groups within society rather than contribute, in any real sense, to American energy security. The current SPR sites are expected to be usable until around Recent events have led to renewed interest in the petroleum industry.

Commerce Department able to grant exceptions for certain types of oil. Gas consumption has outpaced real GDP growth by 1. March Learn how and when to remove this template message.

While similar to the oil industry, the natural gas market has its own nuances, though it remains similarly impacted by export restrictions.